Chinese Dynasties

0. At the beginning
0. At the beginning At the beginning According to mythology, Chinese civilization begins with Pangu, the creator of the universe. Then came a line of sage emperors and heroes who taught the ancient Chinese to communicate and to find food, clothing and shelter. Among these sage-emperors and heroes are Huang Di, Yao and Shun. Huangdi, the legendary Yellow Emperor Shen Nong, inventor of agriculture Ancient China covers 11,000 years of history and is full of colourful characters like Hu...
1. The Early Empires
1. The Early Empires The Early Empires Qin Shihuangdi (221-210BC) Gaodi (206-195BC) Wendi (180-157BC) Guang Wudi (25-57) Qin Dynasty (also called Ch'in, which is where the name Chinese comes from): 221 B.C. - 207 B.C. This dynasty lasted only a very short time, but it brought an end to the feaudal system and began to pull together China as a united country. The First Great Wall was built (out of four existing walls, and with the use of forced labour) and standardised money and...
2. Confusion, reunification and golden age
2. Confusion, reunification and golden age Confusion, reunification and golden age Wei Wendi (220-226) Chen Hou Zhu (583-589) Sui Wendi (581-604) Tang Gaozu (618-626) Three Kingdoms : Centuries of rule by warlords began in this period, a time of history greatly romanticesed for its reputed chivalry.  Despite the political unrest, major advances were made in the fields of medicine, astronomy and cartography, and gunpowder was invented for use in fireworks. Wei : 220 - 265 Shu Han : 221 - 263 Wu : 229 ...
3. Chaos, diplomacy and invasion
3. Chaos, diplomacy and invasion Chaos, diplomacy and invasion Taizu (960-976) Renzong (1022-1063) Gaozong (1127-1162) Khubilai (1279-1294) Five Dynasties : 907 – 923 Social and economic growth kept the Tang dynasty together during the years of disunion, known also as the Five Dynasties period.  Handicraft guilds were first founded and paper  money was introduced during this time. Not only did five short-lived dynasties form during this period, but ten independent states were also...
4. Revival and collapse
4. Revival and collapse Revival and Collapse Hongwu (1368-1398) Yongle (1403-1424) Kangxi (1661-1722) Qianlong (1736-1795) Ming Dynasty : 1368 - 1644 The rebel leader Hung-Wu, also called Chu Yuan-chang, established the Ming Dynasty after throwing out the Mongols in 1368 A.D., but his power was still fairly weak after the Mongol invasion. His rule extended only from the Great Wall to the east of Tibet - smaller borders than modern China or than in T’ang Dynasty China, on which...
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