Provinces

Gansu
Gansu in the northwest of the People’s Republic of China, is situated between Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and the Huangtu Plateaus.  It borders Inner Mongolia to the north and Zinjiang to the west.  The province is often abbreviated as ‘Gan’ or ‘Long’, or called Long West or Long Right because it lies to the west of Long Mountain.  It has a population of over 25 million people (1997), most of whom are Hui Chinese. History was populated in prehistoric times by numerous...
Guangdong
Guangdong literally means Expanse East, while its neighbour Guanxi means Expanse West.  Today, these two provinces are called Dual-Guangs.  Sometimes is simply called Yue, which stems from the Hundred Yue, the collective name for various people who lived in this area and others in ancient times. , often spelled Kwangtung, is on the south coast of the People’s Republic of China.  It is sometimes called Canton Province, based on a French-derived transliteration...
Jiangsu
Jiangsu located along the east coast of the People’s Republic of China, it takes its name from jiang, short for the city of Jiangning (now Nanjing) and su, for the city of Suzhou.  borders Shandong in the north, Anhui to the west and Zhejiang and Shanghai to the south.  It has a coastline of over one thousand kilometres along the Yellow Sea and the Yangtze River passes through its southern parts. History This area was historically the home of the ancient ethic people...
Jiangxi
Jiangxi literally means ‘west of the Yangtze’, it actually originated as a contraction of ‘Jiangnan Xi’, or ‘West Jiangnan’.  The name came into being in the Tang Dynasty when the Jiangnan Circuit was divided into western and eastern halves.  is a southern province, reaching from the Yangtze River in the north to the hills of the south.  It borders Anhui to the north; Zhejiang to thenortheast; Fujian to the east; Guangdong to the south; Hunan to the west and...
Shaanxi
Shaanxi   means West of Shanzhou and it is a north-central province that includes parts of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River and part of the Qinling Mountains that stretch across its southern reaches.  The province neighbours the province of Shanxi, which causes some confusion to outsiders.  In Chinese, the names are differentiated by written tone marks, but to make the difference without them, the spellings of ‘Shannxi’ and Shanxi were contrived. ...
Shandong
Shandong literally means ‘mountains’ east’ and the name indicates this coastal province’s location east of the Taiang Mountains. Situated in the lower reaches of the Yellow River, it includes the Peninsula that stretches out into the sea (Bohai Bay to the north and the Yellow Sea to the southeast). History is often called Qilu, nicknamed for the states of Qi and Lu that existed here during the Spring and Autumn periods. Qi was very powerful throughout...
Shanxi
Shanxi literally means ‘Mountains’ West’, referring to the fact that it lies west of the Taihang Mountains.  Its one-character abbreviation is Jin, after the state of Jin that existed there during the Spring and Autumn period. borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Inner Mongolia to the north and the province with nearly the same name, Shaanxi, to the west.  ’s capital is Taiyuan. For centuries, was a trade and banking centre and the term
Sichuan
Sichuan is a province in the mid-western part of China and its nearby vicinity was the birthplace of unique local civilisations that can be dated back as far at 1500 BC, the time of the Shang Dynasty.  From about 800 BC, Shu (today Chegdu) and Ba (today Chongqing City) rose as cultural and administrative centres of two rival kingdoms. History No one knew about Shu’s existence until 1986, when archaeologists unearthed artefacts at a small village named Sanxingdui in Guanghan...
Zhejiang
Zhejiang   is named after the River (crooked river, now called the Qiantang River) which passes through its capital.  The province’s name is often shortened to ‘Zhe’.  has the East China Sea to its east, beyond which lie the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.  To the north are the Jiangsu province and the Shanghai municipality; Anhui province is to the northwest; Jiangxi to the west and Fujian to the south. History , also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang, was...
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