Traditionele Kunst und Hanwerk

Chinesisches Porzellan
Chinesisches Porzellan Definition Im Westen zählen Tongefäße, Steinzeug und Porzellan zur Keramik, je nachdem aus was der Gegenstand besteht und bei welcher Temperatur er gebrannt wurde. In China unterscheidet man nur zwei Kategorien: heiß gebranntes und kalt gebranntes Porzellan. In den ältesten chinesischen Wörterbüchern wird Porzellan als „feine kompakte Tonware“ definiert. Im Westen ist die Transparenz ausschlaggebend. Das ist in China nicht der Fall. In China wird...
Enamel Eine Einführung in Emaillewaren Cloisonné ist eine berühmte traditionelle Emaillewaren mit einer Geschichte von über 500 Jahren. Es gilt als das 'Blue von Jingtai' in China bekannt, weil blau die erste Farbe für Emaille war und Jingtai war der Titel des siebten Ming Kaiser während dessen Regierungszeit Cloisonné wurde weithin beliebt. Eine Vielzahl von Luxusgütern aus Cloisonné hergestellt werden, einschließlich Vasen, Krüge, Schalen, Teller, Dosen, Aschenbecher und
Feng Shui
Feng Shui What is ? This is a simple question that can be difficult to answer. is an ancient art and science developed over 3,000 years ago in China. It is a complex body of knowledge that reveals how to balance the energies of any given space to assure the health and good fortune for people inhabiting it. "Feng" means "wind" and "shui" means "water" (pronounced fung-shway). In Chinese culture gentle wind and clear water have always been associated with good harvest and good health...
Jade The material jade is actually made up of two different kinds of stone, the most widespread mineral being nephrite, a variety of the mineral actinolite and a silicate of calcium and magnesium. It is composed of fibrous intertwined crystals. The other, more precious mineral which is used more sparingly, is pyroxene jadeite, a material composed of interlocking and very compact crystals. Chemically, it is a mix of sodium and aluminium silicate NaAl[Si2O6]. ’s strength, comparable even to...
Keramik und Tepferei
Keramik und Tepferei Chinesische Keramik und Tonwaren Hintergrund Keramikobjekte sind Objekte, die aus Erdmaterialien geformt und in einem Ofen gebrannt werden, um wasserdicht und stabil zu sein. Basismaterialien sind mineralhaltige Tonarten mit Kaolin, Quarz und Feldspat. Durch die Kristallstruktur dieser Mineralien wird der Ton weich und lässt sich leicht formen. Feldspate sind alumosilikatisch und enthalten Natrium, Kalium oder Kalzium. Das sind alles Fließmittel, die die Schmelztemperatur der Quarze...
Silk is without a doubt one of China’s major contributions to the world and it has been an important part of the Chinese economy for thousands of years.  How to produce this fabric, which is smooth and luxurious and able to retain warmth in the winter and yet be cool in the summer, was once the world’s most carefully guarded secret, only known to the Chinese for several millennium.  The world famous Road that opened trade from Asia to Europe was built, at the cost of...
Snuff Bottles
Snuff Bottles Chinese snuff bottles Snuff bottles are a relatively recent product considering China’s long history; it was only toward the end of the 16th century that tobacco reached China, about the same time that it reached England.  There are many different theories about who brought tobacco into the country – the Russians, Manchu, Portuguese, the Jesuit Priests . . . but most likely it came from many areas and many different groups of people at roughly the same time. Exactly when tobacco...
Tibetan thangka
Tibetan thangka Tibetan Thangka A type of sacred Buddhist painting, are created to be used in devotional meditation in places of worship or in private homes.  They are intended to help people to contemplate or think about things, often as instructed by a spiritual teacher.  A thangka could also be used as a reference for details of posture, attitude.  In this way, a thangka provides iconographical information in pictures, but there might also be a text of the same meditation
Wood used in Art & Crafts
Wood used in Art & Crafts About woods Most hardwood trees grow in hot climates, especially in tropical areas.  Much of the hardwood found in Chinese furniture, then, was not native to China but was introduced to the country through trade.  It is not only the beauty of the wood that gives Chinese furniture its value, however.  It is treasured for the meticulous craftsmanship, joinery and design that went into the pieces, as well as its cultural significance.   In contrast, for example, new and old
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